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More people are becoming interested in Delta CBD products due to their proven health benefits and zero psychoactive effects. In addition, CBD labs are discovering new Delta 8 variants cheaper to produce and have more consumption benefits. In addition, it is easy to buy delta 8 as a derivative of other cannabinoids. These cannabinoids are lab-processed with readily available ingredients in a straightforward chemical reaction process. Yet, many of the delta 8 CBD products sold online are not pure and can harm one’s health with prolonged use.
What ingredients are in delta 8?
Delta 8 is a cannabinoid found in most cannabis plants. Also, it is possible to achieve a delta 8 distillate by converting other cannabinoid variants in a lab-controlled process. Two commonly used cannabinoids for delta 8 production are THC (delta-9 or tetrahydrocannabinol) and CBD (cannabidiol).
THC or delta 9 is the cannabinoid with psychoactive effects. Due to its high potency, processing delta 8 from THC (delta 9) usually achieves a distillate that exceeds the legal 0.3% limit. Therefore, it is paramount to process the distillate further to tone down the potency, which, in many cases, is expensive.
In contrast, CBD-derived delta 8 is safer to produce due to the low potency of cannabidiol. Furthermore, CBD is the cannabis variant with health benefits such as reducing anxiety, pain, and body inflammation. In addition, CBD has no psychoactive effects hence its legalization for mass production and consumption.
A modern delta 8 variant is Delta 8 THC. It is a cross between THC and CBD, which still delivers the benefits of CBD and has a mild high from the THC content. Delta 8 THC obeys the potency rule of 0.3%, or below, and is a common ingredient in most Delta 8 vape products.
How is delta 8 distillate processed?
Processing delta 8 with CBD as the main ingredient is easy and cheaper. In addition, CBD delta 8 distillate produces few byproducts and results in less cleanup time.
The first step of converting CBD to delta 8 involves dissolving CBD in an alkane solvent. A commonly used alkane is organic heptane which has non-polar properties. The next step is to heat and continuously stir the two ingredients for at least 18 hours. A stirring hot plate is essential to maintain an optimal temperature of 100˚C.
Delta 8 conversion
After 18 hours, CBD producers add acid of choice to cause the chemical reaction that converts CBD into delta 8. Common acidic combinations used by CBD producers include;
- Hydrochloric acid with ethanol
- Sulfuric acid with cyclohexane
- P-toluenesulfonic acid with toluene.
The above chemical reactions will produce different byproducts. Therefore, choose the chemical reaction with few byproducts and less cleanup time.
Neutralizing the distillate
After the chemical reaction, CBD labs use an aqueous solution of 5% sodium bicarbonate (NaHCo3) to wash and neutralize the distillate. Unfortunately, most conversions are not 100% and lead to the formation of impurities. Therefore, CBD labs partner with third-party testing institutions to determine the purity of their delta 8 product. High-performance liquid chromatography is the primary test used for weeding out impurities in delta 8 distillates.
The best delta 8 distillate should have fewer impurities and zero side effects when smoked. However, as most states are yet to regulate the production of delta 8 distillate, it is essential to insist on a third-party certification when buying delta 8 for sale online.
Please contact LBC Bioscience Inc. at 480-410-6780 for quality Delta 8 distillate.